Losar Celebration in Dharamshala

Like in previous years, the Tibetan Youth Congress organized a vibrant Losar 3rd Day Celebration in Dharamshala. The day commenced with a serene Sangsol prayer offering at the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts. Esteemed Indian dignitaries, including Shri Kishan Kapoor, Member of Parliament, and Shri Ajit Nehria Ji, President of the Indo-Tibet Friendship Association, graced the occasion alongside former Tibetan Youth Congress centrex members and Settlement Officer Mr. Kunchok Migmar, among others. During the opening ceremony, Tibetan Youth Congress President Mr. Gonpo Dhundup conveyed heartfelt Losar greetings to Tibetans worldwide and provided a succinct overview of the event’s aims and objectives.


Shri Ajit Nehria Ji, in his address, extended warm wishes to the Tibetan community on this auspicious occasion, acknowledging and commending the Tibetan Youth Congress for orchestrating such a significant event during Losar.

Subsequently, Shri Kishan Kapoor Ji expressed gratitude to TYC for fostering camaraderie among the Tibetan community through the celebration of Losar. The event continued with captivating dance performances by Norling and Dhasa Dora Tamo dance groups, accompanied by impressive solo performance by some of the singers. Following the morning program, TYC generously provided lunch to all attendees free of cost, fostering a sense of community. Throughout the day, attendees enjoyed games and dance performances, contributing to the festive atmosphere. Overall, the event was a resounding success, with numerous individuals expressing appreciation and gratitude to the Tibetan Youth Congress for fostering unity and preserving the rich traditions and culture of Tibet during Losar.



TYC North America Working Committee Meeting:

On December 3rd, 2023, the President and General Secretary of the Tibetan Youth Congress were warmly received at JFK Airport by the New York and New Jersey Regional Tibetan Youth Congress President and other members. The following day, they visited esteemed former TYC Centrex member and historian, Jamyang Norbu La, providing updates on ongoing campaign activities.

On December 6th, TYC expressed gratitude to Thupten Choenyi La, presenting a thank-you memento for his exceptional commitment to the cause of Tibetan Independence. President Gonpo Dhundup la participated in his one-day program, culminating in an evening public talk in Phildelphia.


20th North America Working Committee Meeting:

From December 9th to 11th, the three-day 20th North America Working Committee Meeting took place in New York. The opening ceremony featured TYC founding member Kalon Trisur Kungo Tethong Tenzin Namgyal la, Gen Jamyang Norbu la, Kungo Kunga Tashi la, and other former TYC Centrex members and the representatives of the NGOs. The meeting involved thorough reviews of chapter budgets, discussions on various agendas, and the adoption of crucial resolutions for the upcoming year. The event concluded with certificate presentations to participants and volunteers, followed by captivating cultural performances by the participants.


On December 11th participants of the North America Working Committee meeting protest outside the United Nations, condemning human rights abuses and genocide in Tibet. The protest was led by RTYC NY&NJ.


Minnesota Visit:

On December 15th, the TYC President and General Secretary were warmly received at Minneapolis airport by the RTYC Minnesota President and Vice President. The visit was in connection with the 25th Founding Anniversary of the RTYC Minnesota. On December 18th, they were invited as Chief Guests for the anniversary celebration, addressing critical situations inside Tibet and highlighting TYC campaign activities.


On December 16th, the TYC President and General Secretary visited TAFM’s Tibetan Culture School, addressing students during their morning assembly and touring classrooms.



On December 29th, TYC leadership, in collaboration with former RTYC New York and New Jersey members, met with New Jersey TYC members and former RTYC NY&NJ Working Committee members. Discussions centered on the pressing situation in Tibet and ongoing TYC activities. On December 31st, they engaged in a successful discussion and donation drive, strengthening campaign efforts. The meeting was attended by some of the former Centrex members, RTYC NY&NJ members along with representatives of the New York-based NGOs.


The year concluded with the TYC President and General Secretary attending the New Year’s Eve party organized by RTYC NY&NJ, where they served as Chief Guests.


The month-long series of events in the US concluded with a commitment to the Tibetan cause, reinforcing ties with regional chapters, honoring dedicated individuals, and strategically planning for the year ahead.

Unanimously approved the Tibet Resolve Act by the House Foreign Affairs Committee

House Foreign Affairs Committee approves Tibet-China Conflict bill (Resolve Tibet Bill) PC: Tibet.net

Tibetan Youth Congress extend our heartfelt thanks to Chairman McCaul and the dedicated members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee for the unanimous approval of H.R. 533 – The Resolve Act. Your unwavering support in advancing this crucial legislation is deeply appreciated.

The passage of The Resolve Act not only reinforces our stance on the historical independent status of Tibet but also presents a promising step forward in addressing the Sino-Tibet conflict through unconditional dialogue. We recognize the significance of this legislative effort in advocating for the rights and aspirations of the Tibetan people.

We would also like to express our gratitude to Reps. Jim McGovern, D-Mass., and Michael McCaul, R-Texas, alongside Senators Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., and Todd Young, R-Ind for their tireless efforts in introducing and championing this bill. Their dedication to the cause of Tibet has been instrumental in bringing us to this pivotal moment.

To all our friends and supporters who have rallied behind the just cause of Tibet, we extend our sincere thanks. Your solidarity and advocacy have played a crucial role in pushing this legislation to its current stage.

Congratulations are also due to the various organizations and individuals who have contributed to this collective effort. The progress made reflects the collaborative spirit and determination of all those involved.

Once again, thank you for your commitment to justice, human rights, and the pursuit of a peaceful resolution to the challenges faced by the Tibetan people. We remain hopeful that The Resolve Act will pave the way for a brighter future for Tibet.




Tibetan Youth Congress had the privilege of hosting the Taiwan Foundation for Democracy delegate, President Haung Yu-Lin & Deputy Director Wu Ping-Tsung at the TYC office accompanied by Representative Kelsang Gyaltsen Bawa la. We discussed our yearly activities, Tibetan activism, and our vision for the future.
We’re thrilled to share that they were impressed by our work and commitment. We’re looking forward to future collaborations and their invaluable support.

Together, we can make a difference! 🕊️


TYC’s General Secretary, Sonam Tsering La, was invited as the Chief Guest during the closing ceremony of a conference organized by the Regional Tibetan Youth Congress Sarah.


During his address, the General Secretary stressed the need to protect and safeguard Tibetan culture, particularly in the face of ongoing cultural challenges and potential cultural genocide in Tibet. His speech resonated with the attendees, highlighting the importance of cultural preservation and awareness.


As a token of appreciation for the hard work and dedication exhibited by the RTYC Sarah members, General Secretary Sonam Tsering La presented them with certificates of appreciation.


Gen Tsangtruk Top La, a Senior Lecturer on Tibetan History at the College for Higher Tibetan Studies, Sarah, provided insights into the importance of preserving  Tibetan culture. The Vice Principal of Sarah College also addressed the students, adding his perspectives to the discussions regarding the importance of preserving Tibetan heritage.



Tibetan Youth Congress president Gonpo Dhundup joined a 3-day Asia Conference in Tokyo, Japan, organized by ITN. The event provided a crucial space for Tibetan activists and allies to have impactful discussions, evaluate the movement’s advancements, and strengthen our worldwide connections. The conference was also attended by the Regional Tibetan Youth Congress Delhi Samyeling president along with other Tibetan NGO representatives, Tibetan supporters, and activist across the globe.


TYC observed 53rd Founding Anniversary at Tipa:

On October 7, 2023, the Tibetan Youth Congress Centrex, in collaboration with the Regional Chapter Dharamshala, observed the 53rd founding anniversary of the Tibetan Youth Congress. The event was held at Tipa ground and included various activities and speeches to commemorate this significant occasion.


The function was honored by the presence of the Speaker of the Tibetan Parliament, Khenpo Sonam Tenphel la, who served as the Chief Guest. Special guests included former TYC Centrex members and the Regional Chapter members. Dignitaries from the TPiE standing Committee Members and civil societies in Dharamshala, as well as TYC supporters and sponsors, were also invited.


The event commenced with the singing of the Tibetan and Indian national anthems, followed by the TYC Unity Song sung by artists from the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts. A minute of silence was observed to pay tribute to the sacrifices made by Tibetan martyrs.


After which the Guests were treated to traditional Tibetan rice, known as “Dresel,” and cake.


President Gonpo Dhundup la delivered a speech that emphasized TYC’s ongoing campaigns in line with its aims and objectives. He urged the Tibetan community to strengthen unity in the face of challenges posed by Chinese forces. The President also shed light on the critical situation inside Tibet.


Khenpo Sonam Tenphel la, Speaker of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile, expressed appreciation for TYC’s 53 years of dedicated service. Khenpo la thanked TYC for its contributions and encouraged its Centrex members to remain vigilant in decision-making, particularly in the face of external influences within the Tibetan community.


Local artists performed traditional dances, adding a cultural dimension to the event’s festivities.


A Tug of War competition between the TYC Team and the Norling Team added an element of friendly competition and physical activity to the event.



The TYC 53rd Founding Day observance on October 7, 2023, was a successful and meaningful event that celebrated the organization’s long history of service and activism. The presence of dignitaries, including the Speaker of the Tibetan Parliament, added prestige to the occasion. The event also provided an opportunity for TYC’s President to address the critical situation in Tibet and emphasize the importance of unity.


The event was hosted by General Secretary Sonam Tsering la and TYC Vice President Tashi Targyal la gave a word of thanks.




International experts call upon world community to stop Chinese government from implementing new law on religion before it is too late


New Delhi, New York, London, Taipei : October 2 A group of leading international experts
on China has drawn the attention of world community to stop Chinese President Xi Jinping from
imposing a new law which is aimed at eradicating all religious faiths like Buddhism, Christianity and
Islam in China. Although the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) claims that this law, titled as ‘Order-19’, is
aimed at “standardizing the management of places of religious activity” but in actual practice it is
nothing short of what they termed as the ‘communistization’ of religion. Since this law is going to
severely hurt the sentiments of millions of Chinese citizens as well as those belonging to occupied and

colonized countries like Tibet, East Turkistan (Xinjiang) and Southern Mongolia the world institutions
should act before it is too late.
The webinar, jointly organized by the Centre for Himalayan Asia Studies and Engagement (CHASE) and
Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC).The experts who participated were Dr. Chienyu Shi of Taiwan Institute for
National Defence and Security Research from Taipei; Dr. Chin Jin, Chairperson of Federation for a
Democratic China from Sydney; Dr. Enver Bughda, a prominent Uyghur activist and medical surgeon
from London who exposed the ongoing racket of organ harvesting in China; and Mr. Enghebatu
Togochog, a Mongol writer and editor of ‘Southern Mongolia Watch” from New York. Mr. Sonam
Tsering, General Secretary of TYC and Co-host of the webinar gave vote of thanks while Prof. (Ms.)
Aayushi Ketkar, of Special Centre for National Security Studies JNU handled the question-answer
session. Vijay Kranti, a senior journalist, Tibetologist and Chairman CHASE hosted the event as
Dr. Chin Jin said that ‘Order-19’ which Beijing claims to strengthen the regulation and management of
religious venues is in reality adding further restrictions on religious freedom. He said that it is
unfortunate that even some high ranking religious leaders, living in the free world, like Pope Francis of
Rome and Buddhist masters from Taiwan like Hsing Yun and Master Chin Kung willingly submitted to
CCP’s dictations. “While the Pope and the two Buddhist masters asked the Catholic and Buddhist
followers in China and Hong Kong to submit to the CCP, Master Chin Kung even went as far as calling Xi
Jinping a ‘Bodhisattva’ incarnation,” he added.
However, sounding a note of optimism Dr. Chin Jin said, “Only when various forces and factors converge
to bring about the fall of the CCP, will the restrictions and oppression on religious freedom in Tibet and
other regions come to an end and disappear” he added.

Presenting his analysis of President Xi Jinping’s policies on religion in the context of the new Chinese law

under “Order-19,” Dr. Chienyu Shih raised three pertinent questions. His first question was “Is there
really any space for religious freedom in China which can be or needs to be governed?” His second
question was “What do they mean by ‘Sinicizing’?” And the third was “What is the strategy of Xi and
other communists to make ‘Sinicization’ of religions happen? And how much have they succeeded so
Giving his own understanding of the idea of ‘Sinicization’ of religion in real terms is, what he termed as,
‘Communistization’ of religion. “There is no Church, meaning the ‘Church’ of any religion, in today’s
China. The ultimate authority of every such institution lies in the CCP. They are focused on developing
communist cadres as the religious leaders – with the final aim of developing political loyalty to the CCP
among the faith holders,” he said adding that, The CCP’s policy on religion is quite simple. You have to
forget whether you are a Mongol, a Tibetan or an Uyghur – not to mention of the Taiwanese, Hong
Kongers. No matter which ethnicity you belong to or where you come from, you have simply to go under
the CCP’s rule.”
Dr. Enver Bughda said, “Communism can function and gain control only in chaos. Where there is no
chaos, they just create it to find a role for themselves. This is exactly what President Xi is doing in the
world today. Inside China it’s a history of nothing but chaos. Now what Xi is doing with religion through
various policies is to create chaos in order to control the entire religious system. Current ‘Order-19’ is a
part of that game.” Underlining the CCP’s policy of keeping itself above the God he said, ”In today’s
China there is no place for Allah or Jesus or Buddha at the top in one’s faith. It has to be the CCP and Xi
Jinping on the top. They are worse than the Taliban in Afghanistan where they blasted a big statue of
Buddha. In today’s Tibet they are destroying all big statues of Buddha. “
Dr. Bughda gave an interesting example of double standards being adopted and practiced by President
Xi on religion. “In the beginning of ongoing Asian Games in China Xi took the visiting King and Queen of
Syria to a temple for prayers. It looks absurd because the guest King and the Queen were practicing
Muslims who would not pray in a temple. But the real game of Xi was to offer prayers for the safety of
his own kingdom without being noticed by the communist cadres and others for going to a temple and
Striking a sad note about the situation in Southern Mongolia which happens to be under China’s colonial
occupation since 1919, Mr. Enghebatu Togochog said, “In my country no religion is left which can be
further destroyed by President Xi Jinping’s new law on religion. Soon after coming to power in 1949
Chairman Mao’s CCP attacked and destroyed every symbol of our Buddhist national identity. They did it
because of vengeance against the Mongols who had ruled over China for many centuries. They killed
and eliminated our entire class of elites to ensure that no sign of our nationality could survive. Today
they are bent upon destroying or language by imposing Mandarin Chinese language at every level. Even
the traditional nomad yak and goat herders have been forced to quit their lifestyle on the fake ground of
protecting environment.”

In his vote of thanks as the co-host of the webinar Sonam Tsering, the General Secretary of Tibetan
Youth Congress and a popular youth leader among the Tibetan diaspora, said that the Chinese
government has been making all efforts to erase the Tibetan national identity through destruction of
institutions and re-education of monks in the communist way. They are trying to occupy the Tibetan
tradition of reincarnation of senior religious leaders, including that of the Dalai Lama, which is unique in
the world. “Since 2009 the TYC observes 13 th July as a special day to oppose China’s interference in the
reincarnation system. Such moves show the Chinese leaders’ desperation for failure to eradicate love
and devotion for His Holiness the Dalai Lama from the hearts of the Tibetan people. ‘Order-19’ is just
another expression of their frustration,” he said.
Vijay Kranti, a veteran Indian Tibetologist who is also the Chairman of CHASE and the host of the show,
presented the Tibetan perspective on the state of religion inside Chinese occupied Tibet. Tracing the
history of Chinese policy on Tibetan Buddhism since 1951 he said that the current decision of imposing
their ‘Order-19’ by the Beijing masters of Tibet is the fourth and, perhaps, the last stage of eradicating
religion completely out of Tibetan people’s social, cultural and political life. He referred to the 1951-
1959 era as the first stage when Mao, his PLA and CCP promised autonomy on religion and cultural
matters only to back out leading to the Tibetan uprising of 1959 against the Chinese colonial rule. In the
second stage Mao and subsequent communist leaders of China tried aggressively to destroy people’s
faith in Buddha Dharma and the exiled Dalai Lama hoping that it will force the ordinary Tibetans to
behave as true ‘Patriotic Chinese’.
“However, when widespread Tibetan uprisings happened in 1987 and 1989 only then Beijing’s
communist leadership realized the power of religion and adopted a new strategy of occupying religion
from within as their third attempt to tame the Tibetans. This stage has been especially focused on
implanting CCP’s stooges as new incarnate Lamas at every possible place and increasing CCP control on
all religious institutions of Tibet. It was finally the Tibetan uprising of 2008 and the emergence of Xi
Jinping as the ‘Paramount Leader’ of the CCP that the fourth strategy of annihilating the Tibetan religion
and national identity completely has been taken up. By snatching hundreds of thousands of Tibetan
children from their parents and pushing these kids into regimented CCP residential schools they are now
hoping for a new generation of Tibet which will be visually Tibetan but mentally they will be CCP’s
robots. ‘Order-19’ is just the concluding part of this campaign which covers the rest of Tibetan society,”
said Kranti.


On October 1, 2023, the Tibetan Youth Congress, in collaboration with the National Democratic Party of Tibet and Students for a Free Tibet-India, observed the Global Day of Action with a photo action event in McLeod Ganj. The primary purpose of this event was to protest against the Chinese Communist Government’s decades-long oppression and illegal occupation of Tibet, as well as to condemn their actions in other colonized regions, including Tibet, Uyghurs, Southern Mongolia, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

The photo action was the centerpiece of this observance, featuring five activists representing oppressed regions: Uyghurs, Southern Mongolia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Tibet. They were symbolically chained by a figure resembling Xi Jinping, to signify the suppression and subjugation these regions have endured under the Chinese regime.

A blood-stained statue with the number “74” was placed nearby to symbolize the countless lives lost and the bloodshed caused by the People’s Republic of China since its establishment.

The event commenced with a speech in Tibetan by the General Secretary of Tibetan Youth Congress, addressing the atrocities committed by the Chinese government in Tibet and expressing solidarity with other oppressed regions. The speech aimed to raise awareness of the ongoing struggles and injustices faced by these communities.

Following this, an activist from Students for a Free Tibet-India read a statement in English, emphasizing the need for global solidarity in addressing China’s oppressive policies. The statement highlighted the importance of advocating for human rights and freedom for Tibet and other colonized regions.

The event drew the attention of various news media outlets, both domestic and international, who covered the photo action and speeches. This media coverage was instrumental in spreading the message of the observance to a wider audience.

The event also attracted the interest of foreign tourists and local residents in McLeod Ganj, leading to a diverse audience. The engagement and support from those present contributed to the success of the event.

The Global Day of Action observance on October 1, 2023, organized by Tibetan Youth Congress, National Democratic Party of Tibet, and Students for a Free Tibet, was a successful event in condemning the Chinese Communist Government’s oppressive actions and advocating for the rights and freedoms of oppressed regions. The photo action and speeches effectively conveyed the message, and media coverage ensured that the event reached a broader audience. The engagement of diverse attendees, including tourists and locals, underscored the importance of raising awareness about these critical issues on a global scale.



58th Anniversary of “Tibet Autonomous Region”


 Report by: VIJAY KRANTI

New Delhi, Paris, New York & Dharamshala – 28 August 2023

Many international experts on China and Tibet are of the opinion that President Xi Jinping’s obsession with security and to present himself as the new Mao Zedong is resulting into cultural genocide and total annihilation of the national personality of China’s colonies like Tibet, East Turkistan (Xinjiang) and Southern Mongolia. Analyzing the causes and impact of dividing occupied Tibet in 1965 into many pieces at an international webinar titled “China’s Cartographic Colonialism in Tibet” experts from USA, Europe, Tibet and India expressed concern that China’s Communist Party (CCP) and its leaders are religiously focused at washing out Tibet’s history by rewriting and propagating a manufactured version that suits Chinese expansionism.

The webinar, jointly organized by the Centre for Himalayan Asia Studies and Engagement (CHASE) and Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) this Saturday evening, marked the eve of 58th anniversary of Mao’s decision to break occupied Tibet into many parts and branding one of these parts as ‘Tibet Autonomous Region’ (TAR) on 1st September 1965. Fourteen years after occupying Tibet in 1951, Mao chopped off many parts of Kham and Amdo provinces from original Tibet and merged them into adjoining Chinese provinces of Yunnan, Sichuan, Qinghai and Gansu. Beijing celebrates this day every year as a special day of reforms in Tibet.

The experts who shared their views in this webinar included Pierre Antoine Donnet from Paris, a well-known author of books on China and former new bureau correspondent of AFP in Beijing; Dr. Uwe Meya a veteran expert on Tibet and a member of the board of directors in the Swiss-Tibet Friendship Association (GSTF); Tenzin Sampho, the head of US-Tibet Coalition who is also an expert and active supporter on asylum matters and human rights in USA. Vijay Kranti, Chairman CHASE and a renowned journalist and Tibetologist moderated the webinar while Gonpo Dhundup , President of TYC delivered vote of thanks. Prof. Aaayushi Ketkar of JNU and expert in international and security matters handled the question-answer session.

Dr Uwe Meya, a well-known Swiss expert on Tibet who extensively traveled through Tibet when China decided to open Tibet to exploit its international tourism potentials, described China’s policy on Tibet as ‘Colonialism of Perception’. Supporting this concept he said that the Chinese propaganda machinery has been consistently focused at managing and promoting this perception among the international community that Tibet is not an occupied ‘country’ but is just another  ‘region in South West China’; or that Tibetans are not a ‘people’ but just one of the ‘nationalities’ or a ‘minority’ community within China. “It is unfortunate that a big section of international media and other opinion makers have fallen into this trap of China,” he said.

He also pointed out that the Xi Jinping’s government is now bent upon washing out the Tibetan names of Tibetan cities, towns and regions from the international memory and usage. “Two months ago the CCP has formally banned using word ‘Tibet’ and to replace it with the Chinese name ‘Xizang’. President Xi Jinping is now focused at removing the mention of word ‘Tibet’ in all areas right from politics to science. Even Wikipedia too has started using it. And this is what I call colonialism of perception,” he said.

Mr. Pierre Antoine Donnet presented a detailed analysis of how the consistently weakening economic situation in China and increasing public disappointment with President Xi due to growing unemployment and the impact of mismanagement of the Covid on Chinese people’s lives have made Xi feel very insecure. “A new winter is descending on China. Even while the Chinese leaders have learnt many lessons from developments like the breakup of Soviet Union, fall of the Berlin Wall and events of 1989 at Tianmen Square in China, yet the CCP looks doomed. As a result of this the situation in China for the CCP and its leaders, especially President Xi Jinping is becoming more and more fragile – month by month.”

He specifically pointed at China’s efforts to assimilate the Tibetans and the Uyghur communities into the Han identity. “Chinese leaders and the CCP have failed to realize that only material policies are not enough for the human beings. This is especially proving  true for the Tibetan people and the people of Xinjiang,” he added.

Mr. Tenzin Sampho from New York, who was born and brought up in Chinese occupied Tibet,  gave details of how China is using language and education to eradicate the distinct personality of Tibet. “In my early years we used to get our education in Tibetan language till the fifth standard and then the medium of instruction would change to Mandarin. But now Chinese administration takes away even small children from their homes in very early age and puts them into residential schools where the only language is Chinese and they are exposed to strong communist brainwashing. The CCP is bent upon Sinicizing every Tibetan to finish Tibet’s own identity permanently. Very soon a real Tibetan might become a special piece for Chinese museums,” he said.

Speaking about the division of original Tibet and assimilation of many parts of historic Tibet into neighboring provinces of China, Tenzin said that there is very strict control on the movement of Tibetans living in these provinces. “One has to seek special official authorization to travel from one place to another. There are dozens of police checking points on every road. The people of Amdo and Kham are not allowed to travel to TAR — not even to go to Lhasa for pilgrimage,” he added.

Introducing the subject and the panelists to the audience Vijay Kranti said that Chairman Mao was quite worried over the rising international awareness about the deteriorating situation of human rights in Tibet and the undying spirit of Tibetan people for freedom from China. That is why he created TAR only to deceive the world community and make it believe that only this part was Tibet. Moreover he wanted to dilute the Tibetan resistance against Chinese occupation by distributing Tibetan populations of Kham and Amdo to adjoining provinces of China.

While giving his vote of Thanks, Gonpo Dhundup, President of TYC made it clear that his organization and the people of Tibet are fighting for the independence of entire Tibet and not just for TAR which was created by China to fool the world. When we talk of Tibet it clearly means all three regions of Tibet which are U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo. A very large number among 157 self-immolations in Tibet in recent years are from areas outside TAR. It shows that Tibetan people from all three provinces are struggling for freedom from Chinese colonial occupation,” he said.


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