International Experts ask the world to confront China for its colonialist deeds and the ongoing cultural genocide in China’s colonies


News Report by -Vijay Kranti

New Delhi, New York, Washington D.C. and Dharamshala – 28 September        In today’s world when terrorism is being considered as a great threat to the humanity, human civilization and the rule of law, the colonialism and cultural genocide being practiced blatantly by China in Tibet, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia the world community should take note of it and confront it as the worst form of terrorism. This was one of the common observations of experts in an international webinar, organized on the eve of China’s celebration of its ‘National Day’ on coming first October. The experts shared the fear that after adding Hong Kong to the list of its colonized territories China is now threatening to occupy Taiwan also.

As China is preparing for her annual ‘National Day’ and the ‘Golden Week Holiday’ which start on coming 1st October, representatives of China’s three major colonies namely Tibet, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia joined hands at an international discussion platform to underline the serious colonial conduct of Chinese rulers against the citizens of these occupied countries. The webinar entitled “Celebration of Colonialism by China’, was organized by the Centre for Himalayan Asia Studies and Engagement (CHASE) and Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) on Wednesday the 28th September evening. The participants included Mr. Salih Hudayar, the ‘Prime Minister’ of East Turkistan Government-in-Exile, who joined from Washington DC;  Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, a prominent leader and thinker among the S. Mongolian diaspora from New York; Mr. Sonam Tsering, General Secretary of TYC from Dharamshala in India and Mr. Kai Mueller, Executive Director at International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) Germany from Berlin. Mr. Vijay Kranti, Tibetologist and Chairman CHASE moderated the discussion.

Mr. Hudayar, the Prime Minister of the exile government of East Turkistan, which is known as ‘Xinjiang’ in China, said that many people are hoping that if the group headed by President Xi Jinping of China is deposed from power or if the rule of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ends in China and a democratic system takes over, all problem cause by China will end. “But the real problem for the people of East Turkistan, Tibet and Southern Mongolia is the colonial occupation of their respective countries by China. Unless the colonialist tendencies of the Chinese and their forced occupation of other countries end, there is no hope for these colonized countries,” he said.

Presenting a long list of atrocities being committed by the CCP rulers on the Uyghurs and other Turkic people of his country he said that the Chinese government brands every Muslim citizen of East Turkistan, as a ‘terrorist’ who supports a beard, speaks in his own national language, encourages other people not to smoke or drink and even those families whose any member is living abroad. He alleged that in addition to forcing the Uyghur women to go in for abortion, sterilization or marrying to the newly settled Han men there are innumerable cases of organ harvesting from arrested Uyghurs for China’s international business of organ transplant. “The organs harvested from the Muslim Uyghurs are offered as ‘Halal Organs’ to international Muslim patients from abroad,” he said.

Mr. Enghebatu Togochog who is the Director of S. Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC) in New York, said that nearly a third of the population of his country has been tortured to death by the CCP rulers since China occupied Southern Mongolia which is termed as ‘Inner Mongolia’ by China. “My country has been observing waves of Chinese Han settlers over past decades which have changed the demographic character of my country. The entire nomadic community of S. Mongolia, who used to be a distinct part of the Mongolian identity, has been completely disbanded and their lands have been occupied for mining and settlement of Han settlers,” he said. “The biggest danger to my country from China is the ongoing process of wiping out the original Mongol ethnic identity of our people by imposing the Chinese language and demographic manipulations through forced marriages of Mongol women with the Han settlers and other means. This is the same cultural genocide which CCP is practicing in Tibet and East Turkistan,” he added.

Mr. Kai Mueller, who is a known expert on Tibet and a keen observer of China’s colonial system, presented a well analyzed view of the colonial rule and administration of Tibet, East Turkistan and S. Mongolia by China’s communist masters. Saying that the world has understood colonialism so far only from the view point of the colonial powers from North America and Europe, but the world is changing and the Asian and African view on this issue is also emerging now. “I believe our Western view on China, on the Tibetans, the Uyghurs and the Mongolians needs to be decolonized. This explicitly requires adopting the perspectives of those colonized. Decolonization in this sense does not only entail restoring justice for those colonized, and accountability towards the colonizer, but also to decolonize the view on peoples that are ruled by a colonizing power,” he said.

He referred to the 1997 report of the ‘Unrepresented People’s Organization’ (UNPO) which was entitled as “China’s Tibet: the World’s Largest Remaining Colony”. This report said, “The PRC, a state which has been at the forefront of the struggle against colonialism and which has been a champion of colonised peoples, is today undeniably a colonial power itself.”

Equating the colonial rule of some European nations in Asia and Africa with that of what China is now practicing in Tibet, E. Turkistan and S. Mongolia Mueller said, “As colonizers, the Chinese state by all means needs to maintain the posture of the benevolent, liberating and caring ruler, who has brought progress and prosperity to a once backward and underdeveloped people…. A narrative that in its essence is deeply colonial and reminiscent of colonial rule in Africa and Asia by European nations, with its discriminatory and racist attitude. It is the attitude typical for the colonial power vis a vis the colonized people.”

Mr. Sonam Tsering, the General Secretary of Tibetan Youth Congress, said that China has practiced every tool of colonialism in Tibet since its occupation seven decades ago. Referring to reports coming out of Tibet in recent days he said that Chinese authorities are running a campaign of DNA testing of every Tibetan subject under the garb of testing for Covid-19. He said that serious mishandling of Covid-19 situation by the Chinese administration in Tibet during past two months has caused very serious problems for the Tibetan people. Latest reports show that at least five Tibetans committed suicide as a result of terrorizing conduct of CCP administration and hunger caused by this mishandling.

In his introductory remarks Mr. Vijay Kranti, Chairman CHASE who moderated the discussion, pointed out a major contradiction in the communist theories of the CCP rulers of China and their actual conduct. He said, “It is very difficult to understand that on the one hand China is celebrating their liberation from feudal rule and occupation of China by foreign colonial forces. They go to the extent of terming colonial occupation of their country by many European countries and Japan as ‘The Century of National Shame’. But on the other hand they have no shame about colonial occupation of Tibet, Manchuria, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia. This arrogance is so deep that they can’t even tolerate when the people of these occupied countries and their international supporters point out to the worst kind of colonial atrocities CCP is committing on these colonized subjects. And the worst part of the game is that after blatantly colonizing Hong Kong recently, the communist masters of China are threatening to impose their colonial rule over Taiwan also.”

Dr. Aayushi Ketkar from Special Centre for National Security Studies at JNU who handled the question-answer session of the webinar also pointed out that one of the major challenges before the victims of Chinese colonialism is to challenge the narrative which China has built up on the strength of its economic and military power over the years.



Experts from Tibet, East Turkistan and S. Mongolia raise common voice in an international webinar to mark the ‘UN Day for the Victims of Enforced Disappearance’


New Delhi, New York, Canberra and Dharamshala – 30 August               In addition to thousands of citizens of Tibet, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia who disappear every year under the Chinese colonial rule, millions of children of 6 – 18 year age group have also disappeared into the brainwashing schools established by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in these colonies. While grown up individuals, who raise their voice against the Chinese colonialism in their respective countries vanish forever into the Chinese jails, these children are the victims of President Xi Jinping’s game plan of enforcing a ‘Common national Chinese identity’ as they will be lost forever to their own culture, families and society. Experts from these three countries called upon the world community, especially the United Nations, to take urgent and effective steps to stop this process of disappearance and ‘cultural genocide’ in these Chinese colonies.

These experts made a common cause of their sufferings under China’s colonial rule at an international webinar on 30 August to mark the United Nation’s “International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearance”.  The webinar was organized jointly by the Centre for Himalayan Asia Studies and Engagement (CHASE) and Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) and was entitled “DISAPPEARING VICTIMS OF CHINESE COLONIALISM.” The main focus of the discussion was the serious situation of disappearance of a large number of people in Tibet, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia who dare to speak up against the problems being faced by local massed because of the colonial rule of China over their respective countries. It was one of those rare occasions when activist experts from these three countries, occupied by China, shared their pain and struggle from a common platform.

The three speakers who represented their respective country were Ms. Rinzin Choedon, the National Director, Students for a Free-Tibet India who spoke from Dharamshala; Ms. Nurgul Sawut, the Executive Chairperson of Uyghur Freedom Forum (UFF) who presented the Uyghur case from Canberra in Australia; and Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, the Director of Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center, who spoke from New York. Vijay Kranti, a senior Indian journalist, Tibetologist and Chairman of CHASE moderated the webinar from New Delhi.

In her presentation Ms. Nurgul  said that there have been thousands of cases of disappearance of the Uyghurs and other Turkik people in East Turkistan, renamed as ‘Xinjiang’ by China after its occupation, in which the families were given no information about the fate of the person after one was arrested or just taken away by the Chinese police. “In most cases it is a male member of the family who simply disappears after his arrest and the Chinese officials refuse to let the families meet him or share any information about him. As a result of the agony and frustration the incidence of suicide among the Uyghur women has gone very high over the years. It has been noticed that most of these women are in the 25 to 40 year age group who could not cope with the disappearance of their husband or son,” she said. “It is very strange that the United Nations records and displays the cases of disappearance in many countries, especially in Africa, but refuses to take note of this type of disappearances in “Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region” under the Chinese colonial occupation.

Nurgul said that, “Entire East Turkistan has been converted into a jail. While a few million people, majority of them in the 14-65 year age group, have been enclosed in mass internment camps, more than 950,000 (0.9 million) Uyghur children have been forcibly taken away from their families and are being brainwashed with communist ideology in the schools which are being run by the CCP”. She emphasized that going by the United Nation’s own definition of ‘forcible disappearance’ these children of East Turkistan also belong to this category because they are not only taken away by force and without the parents’ consent, these children are also cursed to live permanently away from their own family and cultural environment to be brainwashed under the CCP’s control.

Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, an internationally acclaimed and a prominent human rights activist from Southern Mongolia, presented cases of two well-known citizens of his country who were kept in jail even after their jail terms were complete. In one such case the person was kept hostage and tortured by the Chinese police in a private house building. When his family insisted on knowing about his welfare and whereabouts, all members of the family were also arrested. On this point Kranti referred to a common practice of Chinese police maintaining innumerable houses across all provinces of China which have come to be known as ‘Private Jails’. These Private Jails are nowhere documented in official records but are regularly used by the Public Security Bureau, the police tool of the CCP, to keep political dissidents incognito and out of the public or official scrutiny. There have been frequent allegations, especially by activists of Falun-Gong, a banned cultural sect of China,  that such ‘private jails’ are used to keep prisoners for organ harvesting which is a roaring underground activity that is patronized by some influential CCP and PLA leaders to support organ transplant business across China.

Enghebatu spoke about the new policy of the Chinese government to replace the Mongolian language in the educational institutions and the official system in Southern Mongolia. “Under President Xi Jinping’s new campaign of adopting ‘Common Chinese national identity’ in the colonized regions he has started a ‘cultural-genocide’ which is aimed at destroying original national identity of these countries and submerge them into the Han Chinese identity. The Mongolian people are strongly resisting this Chinese policy. As a result of this national resistance movement thousands of Mongols who were fighting for their mother tongue have been arrested in recent times. Unfortunately, families of a large number of those who were arrested are not able to get any information about their whereabouts,” he added.

Rinzin Choedon who is a keen watcher of the human rights situation inside Chinese ruled Tibet, said that the current target of Chinese rulers in Tibet is the new generation of Tibetan writers and musicians who are among the most efficient influencers of the public mind. She gave example of Geshe (Doctorate in Buddhist Philosophy) Sherab Gyatso who is a renowned and vocal Tibetan scholar and who publicly asked the Chinese government to stop replacing Tibetan language with the Chinese language in school system. He was arrested and sentenced to ten years of imprisonment. Despite all efforts of his supporters the Chinese refuse to give any information about him.

She presented the case of the Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the 11th Panchen Lama of Tibet as the most prominent example of disappearance of dissidents and ‘unwanted’ people inside China ruled Tibet. Gedhun was 6 years old in 1995 when the China appointed team of Tibetan monks identified him as the incarnation of the 10th Panchen Lama after secretly consulting the Dalai Lama in exile. Angry over their attempt to contact the Dalai Lama the Chinese police not only arrested the monks but also took away the child and his parents and announced another 5 year old boy Gyaltsen Norbu as the ‘real’ incarnation. Since then the Chinese government has refused to share any information about Gedhun and his parents despite repeated efforts of major international human rights organizations like the Amnesty International and forums like the European Parliament.

Rinzin also mentioned that just like what Nurgul had pointed out, more than eight hundred thousand Tibetan children of 6-18 year age group too have been taken away from their parents by the Chinese government to lodge them in specially established schools of the Chinese Communist Party. She called upon the people of Tibet, East Turkistan and Southern Mongolia to join hands and fight what she termed as ‘cultural genocide’ being committed by the Chinese government in these colonized nations.


Highlights on Tibet


Human Rights Watch, an American-based organization, released its highly regarded annual human rights report on 12th January 2023. The report, covering over 100 countries, highlights Tibet’s position as the second least-free country, alongside South Sudan and Syria, based on the previous year’s Freedom House Global Report. The findings underscore the Chinese government’s alleged abysmal human rights violations, maltreatment, and systematic eradication of Tibetan culture, Buddhism, and the Tibetan language, which has historically served as the medium of education for Tibetan school students.



In 33rd annual global human rights report, Tibet, unlike any time before, got larger space to hue her infliction, both potent and latent under the Chinese fragrant system.  Human Rights Watch, this year, did not let economic interest outweigh human rights; and they courageously brought out Tibetan issue more practical, covering some urgent issues: environmental degradation, the primary education system in Chinese-designed boarding schools; and restrictions on religious activities. The report also emerged of the arrest and sentencing of Tibetan cultural figures, notably Go Sherab Gyatso and the popular young Tibetan pop singer Tswang Norbu attempted self-immolation in Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet in 2022.


“Holistic View of Tibetan Human Rights Challenges in Human Rights Watch’s Annual Report”


In its 33rd annual global human rights report, Human Rights Watch shines a spotlight on Tibet, providing a comprehensive examination of the multifaceted challenges faced by the region under the Chinese governance. This year, the report demonstrates a commendable commitment to prioritizing human rights over economic interests, bringing crucial Tibetan issues to the forefront. The report addresses pressing concerns such as environmental degradation, shortcomings in the Chinese-designed boarding school system for primary education, and restrictions on religious activities. It also highlights the arrests and sentencing of Tibetan cultural figures, including Go Sherab Gyatso, as well as the attempted self-immolation of popular young Tibetan pop singer Tswang Norbu in Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet, during 2022.





“U.S. Department of State Launches Global Political Prisoner Campaign, Urging for the Release of 18 Prominent Political Prisoners”



On January 10, 2023, the U.S. Department of State unveiled its “Without Just Cause Political Prisoner Campaign,” urging the international community to take decisive action to secure the freedom of 18 prominent political prisoners. Among those highlighted are Go Sherab Gyatso, a Tibetan religious philosopher, and Mohamed El-Baqer, an Egyptian human rights lawyer, who have endured lengthy confinement under the Chinese government’s prosecution. Uzra Zeya, the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, called for the immediate release of these international political prisoners without any preconditions. Stressing the urgency, Zeya emphasized that countless political prisoners worldwide face torture, suppression of fundamental freedoms, and enforced disappearances, impacting both their families and nations. The campaign aims to address these injustices and advocate for the rights and freedom of political prisoners globally.


“International Campaign for Tibet Reports Alarming Impact of China’s Policy Shift on COVID-19 in Tibet”


On January 19, 2023, the International Campaign for Tibet (ICT) released a comprehensive report detailing China’s sudden abandonment of its “zero-COVID” policy and the dire consequences for elderly Tibetans in Tibet. The report draws on extensive research, including first-hand accounts from Japan and Brazil, as well as on-ground information from individual Tibetans.


According to ICT’s findings, since the implementation of COVID-19 restrictions in Tibet on December 7, 2022, a worst-case scenario predicts that over 220,000 Tibetans aged 60 and above could lose their lives following the end of the zero-COVID policy. Furthermore, considering the current case fatality rate during the COVID surge, it is estimated that over 45,000 Tibetans aged 80 and older may face mortality.


It is important to note that these estimates represent the most severe outcome based on current levels of vaccination and immunity, as well as China’s alleged mismanagement of the pandemic. However, without genuine transparency from the Chinese government, the true COVID death toll in Tibet remains uncertain.

The report highlights the urgent need for transparency and accountability from the Chinese government regarding their handling of the pandemic in Tibet. Efforts to mitigate the impact on vulnerable populations, particularly the elderly, are crucial to protect lives and ensure the well-being of Tibetan communities.





“Arrest of Tibetan Monk Rongwo Gangkar Raises Concerns over Intellectual Suppression”


Rongwo Gangkar, a 43-year-old Tibetan monk known for his deep appreciation of poetry and literature, was actively involved in book-related discussions and advocated for the celebration of the Dalai Lama’s birthday just before his arrest. However, he was arrested by local Chinese authorities in early 2022 in the Malho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Since his arrest, information regarding his whereabouts and well-being has been limited.


According to information compiled by Free Tibet.Org, released on January 21, 2023, Rongwo Gangkar’s arrest is part of a larger pattern wherein Chinese authorities have specifically targeted Tibetan intellectuals and individuals who promote Tibet’s language and culture. This alarming trend underscores the suppression of intellectual freedom and the stifling of Tibetan cultural expression.


The arrest of Rongwo Gangkar has raised concerns within the international community regarding the ongoing targeting of Tibetan intellectuals by Chinese authorities. It highlights the need for greater attention to the protection of human rights and freedom of expression in Tibet.


“Global Week of Action Highlights Concerns Over Thermo Fisher’s Involvement in China’s Surveillance and Attack on Tibetan Identity”


As part of the ‘HANDS OFF TIBETANS’ DNA’ Global Week of Action, an expert panel hosted by the Internal Tibet Network on February 1, 2023, focused on Thermo Fisher’s corporate responsibility and their alleged involvement in China’s latest assault on Tibetan identity and extensive surveillance measures. The event garnered support from 120 NGOs worldwide, as well as coalitions including the Tibetan Youth Congress, Tibetan Women’s Association, National Democratic Party of Tibet, and Students for a Free Tibet at Mcload Square in Dharamshala.


On February 3, 2023, participants united their voices through theatrical performances and signature campaigns to protest China’s mass DNA collection of Tibetans, including children as young as five. The event aimed to raise awareness and express concerns over the infringement of Tibetan rights and the potential misuse of genetic data for surveillance purposes.


The Global Week of Action serves as a platform for various organizations and individuals to come together in solidarity, advocating for the protection of unique identity, human rights, and the preservation of cultural heritage in the face of mounting challenges caused by the Chinese Communist government’s repressive policies.



“UN Receives Damning Report on China’s Colonial Boarding Schools in Tibet”


A comprehensive report exposing China’s extensive network of colonial boarding schools in Tibet, which garnered significant social media coverage upon its release in 2021, has reached the United Nations table on February 7, 2023. The report provides in-depth research, shedding light on the alarming situation of over 900,000 Tibetan children being forcibly enrolled in state-run boarding schools.


The report further condemns the emotional and psychological distress experienced by young Tibetan children in these boarding schools, emphasizing the unacceptable indoctrination and the heavy-handed torture inflicted by the forced separation of approximately 1 million Tibetan children from their families.


The findings presented in the report have ignited global concerns over the welfare and rights of Tibetan children, calling for urgent attention and action from the international community to address the severe consequences of this system.



“110th Anniversary Celebration of Tibet’s Independence Day Marked with International Webinar”


On February 13, 2023, Tibetans around the world commemorated the 110th anniversary of Tibet’s Independence Day, a historically significant event in Tibet’s political history. The 13th Dalai Lama’s resolute declaration of Tibetan independence on the same day in 1913 resonates deeply within the hearts of every Tibetan.


In recognition of this momentous occasion, the Tibetan Youth Congress along with the Centre for Himalayan Asia Studies and Engagement organized an international webinar titled “Tibetan has been an Independent Country in History.” The webinar featured esteemed keynote speakers including Bhuchung Tsering, Interim President of the International Campaign for Tibet; Dr. Uwe Meya, Board Member of Gesellschaft Scheweiz Tibetische Freundcha; Tenzin Zockeur, Executive Director of Tibet Initiative Deuschland, Berlin; and Tibetan parliamentarian Youdon Aukatsang dropped in her perspectives during the event.


The webinar provided a platform for insightful discussions and reflections on Tibet’s historical independence, reaffirming the Tibetan Youth Congress’s unwavering commitment to restore Tibet’s rightful independence.


“Tibet Watch and Free Tibet Organization Expose Human Rights Violations in Drago County”



Tibet Watch, in collaboration with the Free Tibet Organization, held a press conference at Norbu House’s auditorium hall on February 9, 2023, to shed light on the extensive human rights violations, environmental exploitation, and distressing desecration occurring in Drago County, Tibet, between 2012 and 2022. The conference presented compelling evidence and a comprehensive report that had been previously released in the United Kingdom Parliament earlier in 2023, gaining significant news coverage and international attention. The report drew on individual experiences, testimonial documents, and satellite images to provide a nuanced understanding of the situation.


During the press conference, an exiled Tibetan monk from Drago County shared his recollections, stating that the escalating repression imposed by the Chinese authorities in Kham Drago, as with other areas in Tibet, aims to eradicate Tibetan identity, culture, influential Tibetans, and Tibetan language and education centers.


The press conference served as a platform to bring attention to the plight of the Tibetan people in Drago County and to advocate for the protection of their human rights, preservation of their culture, and the restoration of their freedoms.




“Chinese Government Initiates Massive Railway Construction Project in Tibet”



On February 9, 2023, Tibet Times reported that the Chinese government has commenced a new railway construction project in Tibet, aiming to establish a comprehensive railway network connecting the Tibetan plateau with China. The ambitious project comprises 10 railway constructions and is projected to commence operations around 2035.


The planned railway lines strategically target crucial areas within Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet, including Nagri, Shegatse, Lhokar, and Nytri. In a report released by the Central Tibetan Administration in August 2001, it highlighted the environmental concerns associated with China’s Railway Project. The report emphasized that the Railway Project Committee had allocated an estimated 100 billion yuan (US$12.1 billion) for the construction of large and medium-sized railways.


Critics express deep concerns over the potential environmental impact of these railways, including the degradation of permafrost, destruction of the ecosystem, and damage to the habitats of wildlife and river systems. The extensive construction and operation of the railways raise significant ecological and environmental challenges in the region.


“G20 Summit in New Delhi Marred by Tibetan Activist Protests”


Tibetan Youth Congress, Students for a Free Tibet, and National Democratic Party of Tibet activist staged a protest targeting Chinese Foreign Minister Qing Gang. On February 27, 2023, prior to Qing Gang’s arrival at the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi, our protesters confronted him, displaying banner posters and demanding his departure with slogans like “Qing Gang, Go Back” and “G20 Protect Tibetan Children”.


Despite their peaceful intentions, the protesters were met with opposition from Indian police constables who intervened, resulting in scuffles and the confiscation of torn banner posters. The activists’ attempts to raise awareness about the Tibetan cause and advocate for the protection of Tibetan children were silenced during the protest and detained for the rest of the day, and later released.


“Tibetan National Uprising Day Marked by Global Demonstrations and Detentions”



On March 10, 2023, Tibetans worldwide came together to commemorate the 64th anniversary of Tibetan National Uprising Day. In Dharamshala, a significant gathering of Tibetans from various states in India and overseas congregated to express their grievances against China’s policies. Five NGOs organized a nationalistic peace march denouncing China’s practices, including the mass collection of Tibetan DNA samples, the sinicization of Tibetan culture, the implementation of massive surveillance systems, the existence of colonial Chinese boarding schools, and the arbitrary imprisonment of Tibetan intellectuals.


The Tibetan community, both within India and abroad, united in peaceful demonstrations, petition campaigns, and street protests to draw attention to the ongoing challenges faced by Tibetans under Chinese rule. Despite the peaceful nature of the protests, Delhi police intervened and detained all the TYC activist.


The Facebook livestream video of the protest receiving more than 11 million views and being shared by fourteen thousand Facebook users suggests that the protest event was successful in reaching a large audience and generating engagement on social media. This level of viewership and sharing indicates that the protest was able to capture people’s attention and generate interest in the advocacy campaign for freedom.


In 2023 again, Freedom House testified Tibet of a zero-free country from the entire worldwide countries and it has remained in the same category as it was in the last year 2022.  Tibet is ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) government based on its dictatorship system. The residents of both Han Chinese and Tibetan ethnicity are denied fundamental rights, but the authorities are especially rigorous in suppressing any signs of dissent among Tibetans, including manifestations of Tibetan religious beliefs and cultural identity and language.


The 14th Dalai Lama holds a position of great reverence as the spiritual leader for the people of Tibet and followers of Tibetan Buddhism worldwide. The institution of the Dalai Lama has a long history that has evolved over centuries, with each successive Dalai Lama contributing to Tibet’s transition into the modern era. His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama himself has played a pivotal role in this process, becoming a global figure renowned for his wisdom and grace, particularly in leading the Tibetan people through the political challenges of the twentieth century.

The Dalai Lama’s influence extends beyond Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, as he has become an emblematic figure of human wisdom and grace on the world stage. Through his teachings, speeches, and actions, he has emerged as a global symbol of moral leadership, inspiring millions with his message of peace and compassion. The Dalai Lama’s spiritual leadership transcends national boundaries and serves as a guiding force for individuals of various faiths around the world.


Moreover, the 14th Dalai Lama represents not only the Tibetan people and their aspirations for nationhood but also serves as a champion of peace and compassion on a global scale. His advocacy for non-violence, human rights, and environmental sustainability has earned him recognition and respect far beyond the Tibetan community. The Dalai Lama’s influence reaches individuals from diverse backgrounds who look to him as a source of inspiration and guidance in promoting values of peace, compassion, and understanding.


The 5th Dalai Lama, emerged as the legitimate ruler of a united Tibet in 1642, holding authority over both spiritual and temporal domains. This dual role of political and religious leadership continued until the 14th Dalai Lama made the decision in 2011 to devolve his political authorities to a democratically elected Tibetan leader. The Tibetan Charter recognizes His Holiness the Dalai Lama as the protector and symbol of the Tibetan nation, reflecting the historical and cultural significance that spans many centuries and the sovereign will of the Tibetan people.


Despite the political role His Holiness the Dalai Lama held, His Holiness views himself primarily as a humble Buddhist monk committed to serving humanity. His Holiness’s mission is to alleviate suffering and promote happiness through the cultivation of love and compassion. His Holiness’s message of peace and his advocacy for fundamental human values, such as compassion and tolerance, transcend religious, political, and cultural boundaries.

In a statement made on September 24, 2011, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama expressed his intention to allow concerned individuals and institutions to determine the future of the Dalai Lama’s reincarnations. His Holiness emphasized that when he reaches approximately ninety years old, he will consult with high-ranking lamas of the Tibetan Buddhist traditions, the Tibetan public, and other followers of Tibetan Buddhism. Together, they will reassess whether the institution of the Dalai Lama should continue or undergo any changes. The decision will be made based on careful evaluation and consideration of various factors.


To discuss on the significance and relevance of the institution of the Dalai Lama, the future of the Dalai Lama institution and the continuation of the Dalai Lama’s reincarnation, Tibetan Youth Congress organized a ‘Conference on the Relevance and Significance of the Dalai Lama Institution.’ This conference, funded by the Tibet Fund, aimed to explore the historical evolution and influence of the Dalai Lama Institution in the Tibetan Buddhist world.


This conference hoped to generate much needed awareness and understanding on the importance and relevance of the Dalai Lamas and the institution in furthering the interest of Tibetan nation and people, including finding an amicable solution to the protracted issue of Tibet, promoting Tibetan cultural identity, and safeguarding Tibetan Buddhism. The organizer strongly believes that such understanding ensures continued reverence and support to the leadership of the Dalai Lama and further empower the institution of the Dalai Lama to play its important role during these critical times of Tibetan history.


The conference not only provided a platform for discussions but also included notable speakers including Dr. Thupten Jinpa, the principal translator of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, and Prof. Lobsang Tenzin Negi, the executive director of the compassion centre at Emory University in Atlanta.

The inauguration ceremony of the conference was attended by Sikyong Penpa Tsering, the President of the Central Tibetan Administration. TYC President Gonpo Dhundup and the Tibet Fund Director, Kungo Lobsang Nyendak la,  has also addressed the ceremony. The presence of these esteemed speakers and attendees from various backgrounds and institutions suggests a diverse range of perspectives and expertise were brought together during the conference.



The opening session commenced with keynote addresses by Geshe Thupten Yarphel and Prof. Jampa Samten, providing valuable insights into the historical evolution of the Dalai Lama Institution and its profound influence on Tibetan Buddhism.

Ven Thupten Yarphel, the Principal of Namgyal School, delivered a presentation that shed light on the historical development of the Dalai Lama Institution. His talk delved into the origins, milestones, and evolution of the institution over the centuries. Through his comprehensive analysis, he highlighted the impact of the Dalai Lama Institution on Tibetan religious and cultural traditions.

Prof. Jampa Samten, a renowned Tibetan Historian from the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Varanasi, shared his research on the influence of the Dalai Lama Institution in the Tibetan Buddhist world. He explored the historical significance of the institution in promoting religious harmony, preserving Tibetan culture, and its role as a unifying force within the Tibetan community.



The conference has four major themes:


  1. Historical Evolution of the Dalai Lama Institution and its Influence in the Tibetan Buddhist World
  2. Geo-political Significance of the Dalai Lama Institution
  3. Role of the Dalai Lamas in the Tibetan Freedom Struggle
  4. The future of the Dalai Lama Institution


On 10th July 2023, a public talk was organized by various Tibetan organizations:

Tibetan Youth Congress, Tibetan Women’s Association, National Democratic Party of Tibet, Students for a Free Tibet; and the International Tibet Network. The guest speaker for the event was Dhondup Wangchen, a former Tibetan political prisoner and filmmaker of The Leaving Fear Behind which unfolded the confined system of the Chinese Communist Regime over fundamental human rights of Tibetans inside Tibet.

The program was hosted by the general secretary of the Tibetan Youth Congress, and it concluded successfully with an engagement of public question-and-answer session. Dhondup Wangchen elucidated his personal experiences and insights, addressing the audience on important issues related to Tibet. The event provided a platform for attendees to learn from his activism works and get involved in meaningful discussions about Tibet’s political situation and human rights.


On 7th July 2023, TYC President and Joint Secretary met with Shri Tashi Gyalson, Chief Executive Counsellor of Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council.  TYC president and colleague expressed gratitude for his unwavering support for Tibet and the well-being of the Ladakh Tibetan Community.  As they requested him to be the Chief Guest during the TYC 53rd annual meeting in Ladakh, he graciously accepted it.


On the 88th birthday of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, the Tibetan Youth Congress extends its warmest wishes to His Holiness. TYC executive members along with staffs offered prayers and sincere reverence for His Holiness’s continued good health, long life, and boundless wisdom.

In the afternoon, the Tibetan Youth Congress took the initiative to organize song and dance performances in Dharamshala, which involved various organizations and associations.

The general secretary Sonam Tsering hosted the program, which turned out to be a tremendous success. More than 20 song and dance performances were showcased, attracting a large audience on this special occasion. The event served as a platform for different groups to come together and express their gratitude to His Holiness the Dalai Lama.



On 1st July 2023, TYC and other prominent NGOs in Dharamshala had the opportunity to interact with Dhondup Wangchen la, the former political prisoner along with his family. Dhondup Wangchen’s endurance of immense hardships to amplify the voice of innocent Tibetans inside Tibet is truly commendable.

Interactions with individuals like Dhondup Wangchen offer valuable insights into the experiences and struggles faced by political prisoners. Such interactions can help shed light on the realities of their situations and the challenges they encounter in their pursuit of justice and freedom.

It provides an opportunity for NGOs and activists to understand the aspirations and concerns of political prisoners and work towards addressing them effectively.


On 29th June 2023, the Tibetan Youth Congress President Gonpo Dhundup, Vice President Tashi Targyal and RTYC Dhasa President Jampa Tendar rushed to the Gaga Airport, Dharamshala, and welcomed Dhondup Wangchen la, a former political prisoner and his family. It was their first visit to Dharamshala after getting imprisonment freedom in 2014.

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